Time Keeper Collects and Analyzes First Semester Data

After 15 hours of careful time-tracking of how students' time was actually spent during the school days of the first semester, I found that there had been an average of 4 hours a day for teaching/learning interactions. However, because these four hours were never continuous, it felt like much less time. As a teacher, I am frustrated that there is not more uninterrupted time, an essential condition for authentic learning by Vygotsky, Gatto, and Montessori. Continue reading

Vygotsky’s ZPD

“How Learning Occurs” according to constructivist learning theorist Vygotsky, who described the  “zone of proximal development (ZPD)”***

Zone of Proximal Development, an idea developed by Vygotsky over one hundred years ago, falls within a socio-cultural context and seeks to define the process through which students effectively learn in cooperation with a teacher.  A student’s Zone of Proximal Development, or ZPD, is defined as the student’s range of ability with and without assistance from a teacher or a more capable peer. On one end of the range is the student’s ability level without assistance. On the other end of… Continue reading

AYP Pressure Mounts

Thursday, October 2, 2008, the Denver Post announced that only 48 of 151 Denver Public Schools schools met the adequate yearly progress (AYP) goals mandated by NCLB law.   The article went on to report that statewide only 60% of Colorada schools met their progress targets, compared with 75% that met the target goals in 2007.  The Colorado Department of Education attributed this decline to the schedule of AYP improvement that the law outlines.  According to the NCLB law, every three years the bar is raised to meet the AYP goals, which are to culminate in 100%… Continue reading